Enterprise Services in Inventory and Warehouse Management
Processes in the area of Inventory Management address the recording and tracking of materials on a quantity and value basis. This includes planning, entry, and documentation of stock movements such as goods receipts, goods issues, physical stock transfers, and transfer postings as well as the performance of physical inventory (stocktaking). Warehouse Management Processes cover warehouse-internal movements and storage of materials.
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Processes rapid material turnover in a distribution center or warehouse where the goods are brought from the goods receipt directly to goods issue without being stored.
Planned Cross Docking
Matches inbound deliveries to outbound deliveries:
a) One-step Cross Docking: Transfers goods with one transfer order from inbound to outbound.
b) Two-step Cross Docking: Transfers goods from inbound to an interim storage type (for example, staging area, repacking zone) and creates a subsequent transfer order from the interim storage type with destination outbound deliveries.
Opportunistic (Unplanned) Cross Docking
Detects opportunities for cross docking in a dynamic environment. One-step Cross Docking: Transfers goods with one transfer order from inbound to outbound.
Warehousing and Storage
Processes warehouse-internal movements and storage of materials.
Manages the stocks of a company in quantities and values. It is integrated with supply chain accounting and is responsible for goods receipts and goods issues, and for managing different stock categories (available, blocked stock, in quality assurance, and so on) and special stocks (including consignment stock, project stock, and so on). Enables a summarized visibility of stocks in the supply chain.
SAP Warehouse Management allows you to manage your material flow, using advanced putaway and picking strategies. In the standard system, these strategies for putaway include random putaway (next empty bin), bulk storage, fixed bin, or addition to stock. The picking strategies include standard strategies first-in first-out (FIFO), last-in first-out (LIFO), picking by shelf life expiration date (SLED), or partial quantities first. For customer-specific strategies, solutions can be self-defined in user exits.
The material supply of storage bins in production can be handled with SAP Warehouse Management. Picking for work orders is supported by advanced strategies and combined with handling unit management. It is possible to pack for a specific work order.
Task & Resource Management
Controls the tasks in the warehouse and optimizes the sequence in which the tasks are executed. Ensures that, in the warehouse, the right task is processed by the right resource at the right time. Helps minimize the routes in the warehouse. Is easy-to-handle and seamlessly integrates into the SAP Logistics Execution System.
SAP provides direct radio frequency (RF), allowing the use of mobile RF terminals and handhelds with scanning devices. This enables immediate and error-free data transfer -- setting a high standard of quality for warehouse transactions. The character-based or graphical terminals and handhelds receive data directly from the SAP system without using a middleware product and transfer results immediately to wherever they are needed. The configurable barcode setup allows you to use barcode standards (for example, EAN128 or SSCC) as well as any defined barcode systems you define yourself.
Handling Unit Management
You can use handling unit management (HUM) to reflect packing-based logistics structures in SAP ERP. In SAP Warehouse Management, you can use handling units to process warehouse movements, such as putaway, picking, or stock transfers. Furthermore, handling units can be created in the warehouse, labeled, and picked for existing deliveries. HUM allows you to uniquely identify packages, for example, pallets, in the warehouse and throughout the supply chain. This includes EAN128 and SSCC18 labeling. The handling units can be nested and packed with different materials or batches.
Storage and Stock Management
Quality Management Integration
SAP Warehouse Management is integrated with quality management (QM), thus allowing warehouse administrators to manage and track inspection lots that are stored in the warehouse.
Customers can decide to use SAP WM as a stand-alone system, connected with a central ERP system. This interface is also available as a standard interface for the connection of certified partner WM systems. The system distributes master data and inbound/outbound deliveries automatically. All quantity-related processes, physical movements, and picking/packing operations are handled in the decentralized WMS. All financial- based functions (such as valuation, credit limit check, and ATP) are handled in the central system. An enhancement of the system communication covers the changeability of deliveries triggered centrally.
Automated Workload Release
Supports the control and timing of activities in the warehouse, based on progress control and the time it takes to pick, pack, and move the demanded goods to the outbound area. Activities of several picking groups can be monitored through the physical goods movement processes.
Manages physical inventory for your organization's own stocks or for special stocks in your warehouse. The following physical inventory procedures are supported:
Physical inventories for legal reasons, for balance sheet purposes, or for internal controlling reasons are also supported.
Planning Phase of Physical Inventory
The physical inventory process can plan which material has to be counted at which storage location on which date. Stocks can be blocked for goods movements before the beginning of counting, measuring, and weighing.
Counting Phase of Physical Inventory
RF transactions support stock counting. After the results have been entered, you can monitor the differences and trigger a recount if necessary. If you post quantity differences for your locations, an update of the material valuation and financial accounting is triggered automatically.
Monitoring of the Physical Inventory Activities
Detailed functions for monitoring the completeness of the physical inventory, the status of open and completed physical inventory activities, and the results of historical physical inventory activities are available. You can monitor the activities on material or location level.